We have active research tracks in IoT devices for monitoring and control of aquaponics systems [Coleman, 2014; Cunningham, and Kotzen, 2015] (supported by a cloud-based data aggregation and analytics infrastructure [Tablan et al., 2013] in the GATE architecture [Cunningham et al., 1995; Cunningham et al., 2002]). The hardware has contributed to projects including the Urban Flows Observatory [Munir et al., 2019], the Pitch-In Connecting IoT Capabilities project [Czekster et al., 2021], the unPrism and Vigil Auntie projects [Al-Mhabis, and Cunningham, 2017; Rudd, and Cunningham, 2021a; Rudd, and Cunningham, 2021b; Rudd, and Cunningham, 2022] and the MYHarvest urban agriculture database [Edmondson et al., 2019; Edmondson et al., 2020]. The COM3505 Internet of Things level 3 undergraduate course will enter its 6th iteration in Spring 2023.


Al-Mhabis N, Cunningham H: Socio-political perspectives on surveillance and censorship: Implications for on-line privacy in the age of cloud computing [Internet]; in : 2017 Computing Conference. IEEE, 2017. DOI: 10.1109/sai.2017.8252105

Coleman G: aquaPionics [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2022 Jul]; Available from:

Cunningham H, Coleman G, Radu V: Mi Casa su Botnet? Learning the Internet of Things with WaterElf, unPhone and the ESP32, 2022.

Cunningham H, Gaizauskas RG, Wilks Y: A General Architecture for Text Engineering (GATE) — a new approach to Language Engineering R&D, Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, 1995.

Cunningham H, Kotzen B: Meet the sustainable vegetables that thrive on a diet of fish poo. The Conversation 2015.

Cunningham H, Maynard D, Bontcheva K, Tablan V: GATE: an Architecture for Development of Robust HLT Applications; in : Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics, 7–12 July 2002. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Association for Computational Linguistics, 2002, pp 168–175.

Czekster RM, Morisset C, Moorsel AV, Mace JC, Bassage WA, Clark JA: Cybersecurity Roadmap for Active Buildings. 2021, pp 219–249.

Edmondson J, Blevins R, Cunningham H, Dobson M, Leake J, Grafius D: Grow your own food security? Integrating science and citizen science to estimate the 2 contribution of own growing to UK food production. People, Plants, Planet 2019; DOI: 10.1002/ppp3.20

Edmondson JL, Cunningham H, Densley Tingley DO, Dobson MC, Grafius DR, Leake JR, et al.: The hidden potential of urban horticulture. Nature Food 2020; 1:155–159.

Munir S, Mayfield M, Coca D, Jubb SA: Analysing the performance of low-cost air quality sensors, their drivers, relative benefits and calibration in cities—A case study in Sheffield. Environ Monit Assess 2019; Available from:

Rudd S, Cunningham H: Selective privacy in IoT smart-farms for battery-powered device longevity [Internet]. arXiv [csCR] 2021a; Available from:

Rudd S, Cunningham H: Low-Energy Authentication with Selective Privacy for Heterogeneous IoT Devices in Smart-Farms; in: 2021 30th Conference of Open Innovations Association (FRUCT). 2021b, pp 230–238.

Rudd S, Cunningham H: Towards Lightweight Authorisation of IoT-Oriented Smart-Farms using a Self-Healing Consensus Mechanism; in : 2022 31st Conference of Open Innovations Association (FRUCT). 2022, pp 265–276.

Tablan V, Roberts I, Cunningham H, Bontcheva K: a Platform for Large-Scale, Open-Source Text Processing on the Cloud. 2013. Philos Trans R Soc Lond A.; 371.